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Owning a home is an essential investment for many individuals and families. As a homeowner, you are entitled to several benefits, including tax exemptions. Tax exemptions can help you reduce your tax burden and save you money when you apply for a mortgage loan.
Eligibility for Tax Exemptions
To be eligible for tax exemptions, you must meet the following requirements:

Homeownership requirements: You must be the property owner and use it as your primary residence.

Mortgage loan requirements: You must have taken out a mortgage loan to purchase or improve your home.

Tax exemption limits: Tax exemption limits vary depending on your income level and the type of exemption.
Tax Benefit under 24(B)

Section 24(B) of the Income Tax Act allows individuals to claim a deduction on the interest paid on a home loan for up to ₹ 2 lakhs in a financial year. Whether the loan is a personal loan or a housing loan, individuals can claim deduction on interest only if he sanctioned amount is used to purchase or construct a new home or repair and revamp and existing home.

Also, if the individual pays the selling price of housing property along with interest to the seller in installments, the individual enjoys a deduction on the interest payable.

Additionally, if you apply for a mortgage loan with your spouse or any other person, both parties can claim separate deductions up to ₹ 2 lakhs each.
It is essential to maintain proper records and documents related to your home loan repayment, as these will be required when filing income tax returns.
Tax Benefit under Section 37 (1)

Section 37 (1) of the Income Tax Act is not applicable to individuals who generate their income from salaries or wages. Under Section 37 (1), only businesses can claim tax benefits on expenses related to their business activities. This includes expenses incurred towards advertising, rent, repairs, and insurance premiums. It is crucial to note that only expenses wholly and exclusively incurred to carry out the business are eligible for tax deductions under this section.

Regarding mortgage loans, there are certain scenarios where they may be eligible for tax exemptions under Section 37 (1). For instance, if a business takes out a mortgage loan to purchase or construct a commercial property used solely for business purposes, then the interest paid on this loan can be claimed as an expense and deducted from taxable income.

If a business takes out a mortgage loan against their residential property or uses it for personal purposes, such as purchasing a car or going on vacation, these expenses would not qualify for tax exemptions under Section 37 (1). It is essential to carefully evaluate each cost and ensure it meets the eligibility criteria before claiming any tax benefits.

The following scenarios do not allow tax exemptions
It is important to note that using loan funds for school fees, wedding expenses, vacation, or medical expenses does not make one eligible for tax exemptions. Several sections within Section 80C of the Internal Revenue Code provide avenues for claiming tax benefits. Individuals with an active home loan may also qualify for certain tax benefits. It is important to remember that Loans Against Property are not eligible for tax benefits under Section 80C of the Internal Revenue Code. Charitable contributions made by a business may be claimed as deductions under Section 80 G of the Income Tax Act, but not under Section 37 (1).


Mortgage loans can be eligible for tax exemptions depending on specific criteria. Homeowners should investigate their unique situation and seek the advice of a qualified tax advisor to determine if they qualify for any tax relief. Lenders may also provide more information on the topic, so it is important to ask questions and familiarize yourself with applicable laws in your jurisdiction. It is necessary to keep accurate records of all loan-related activities to take full advantage of available deductions when you apply for a mortgage loan.
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